Skin in girls and women with Turner Syndrome tends to be dry, with moles, and prone to skin concerns requiring the screening and treatment of a dermatologist. The prevalence of skin conditions are not determined by karyotype. Common issues in the epidermis include:
- Melanocytic nevi (raised moles) prevalence ranging from 15 to 64%.
- Pilomatricomas (subcutaneous nodule or cyst) prevalence is (2.6%)
- Vitiligo (skin pigmentation variance) prevalence in (2.7–6%)
- Halo nevi are a mole (nevi) that is surrounded by an area of depigmentation that resembles a halo seen in(18%)
- Keloid scarring develops about 3% after surgical procedures.
- Alopecia areata and for cutis verticis gyrata reportedly exist but prevalence not affirmed
- Whorling skin pigmentation patterns, such as hypomelanosis of Ito, may accompany mosaic karyotypes.
To read more about skin, scroll to page(s) G38 in the Clinical Guidelines found here: https://turnersyndromefoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Clinical-Practice-Guideslines-International-G1-2017.full_.pdf