Up to 40% of women and girls with Turner syndrome have hypertension, and when identified, it should be treated vigorously. Although in most cases hypertension is of unknown cause, a careful search for cardiovascular or renal causes should be made.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries every time the heart beats. Blood pressure is highest when a heart contracts, pumping the blood through arteries. This is called systolic pressure. Blood pressure is lowest when the heart is at rest, between beats. This is diastolic pressure.
Blood pressure reading uses these two numbers, the systolic and diastolic pressures. Usually they are written one above or before the other:
119 (systolic)/79 (diastolic) or lower = normal blood pressure
120-139 for the top number, or 80-89 for the bottom number = pre-hypertension
140/90 or higher = high blood pressure
High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, except occasional headaches. It can cause serious problems such as stroke, heart failure, heart attack and kidney failure. High blood pressure can be controlled through healthy lifestyle habits and medication, if needed. A diagnosis of hypertension (a lasting medical condition where blood pressure readings are consistently high) can only be made after a number of high blood pressure readings.
Blood pressure should be monitored at each physical examination and may be screened at a local pharmacy.