The X-Chromosome and Gender Effects…

Paying Homage to a Pioneer, the Late Dr. Carolyn A. Bondy

Dr. Carolyn Bondy, MD was an endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism specialist for more than thirty years. Dr. Bondy explored how the differing X-chromosome gene of men and women contribute to disease susceptibility, which led to her pioneering work on Turner Syndrome. Her research on Turner Syndrome discovered that nearly half of the women and girls affected have congenital cardiovascular defects. Dr. Bondy’s work also led her to become a Turner Syndrome advocate, focusing on strategies for care and social support. Dr. Bondy was recognized for her work with numerous awards, including the Public Health Service Special Recognition Award presented by the US Department of Health and Human Services, and a lifetime recognition award for her “contributions to improve the lives of patients with Turner Syndrome.” Throughout her life, Dr. Bondy wrote more than 30 articles on varying aspects of Turner Syndrome.

Dr. Bondy passed in 2016. We celebrate her life and applaud her dedication to advocating for Turner Syndrome.

The attached article examines one of Dr. Bondy’s studies, The X-Chromsome C. BondyThe X-Chromosome and Gender Effects in Physiology, Pathophysiology and Longevity, which examines the X-chromosome, disease susceptibility, and what this means for those living with Turner Syndrome. All patients, caregivers, and providers are encouraged to read the article to better understand the cardiovascular risks and psychological aspects of Turner Syndrome. Feel free to print and share the article with your care team.


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